Legal definition of crafts
Article 22 of the law n ° 2014-626 of June 18th, 2014 relating to the craft industry, the trade and very small companies gives a legal definition of the crafts:
"Undertakings of art, as defined by decree in Council of State, the natural persons as well as the social leaders of the legal persons who exercise, principal or secondary, an independent activity of production, of creation, of transformation or reconstruction, repair and restoration of heritage, characterized by the mastery of gestures and techniques for the work of the material and requiring artistic input."
List of crafts
Verretuoses is a company belonging to the "crafts" section of the Répertoire des Métiers since 03/10/2017.
The list of crafts is set by the Decree of 24 December 2015, signed jointly by the ministers responsible for crafts and culture and published in the Official Journal on 31 January 2016.
It comprises 16 domains, in which 198 trades and 83 specialties are distributed.
The domains are:
Architecture and gardens - furnishing and decoration - lighting - jewelery, goldsmith and watchmaking - metal - ceramics - glass and crystal - tableting - fashion and accessories - textile - leather - show - paper, graphics and printing - games, toys and mechanical works - instrumental invoice - restoration
Verretuoses is part of the field of glass and crystal and is working as a foundry glassmaker.
"The foundry glassmaker models the material to create his pieces. His specialties are bending, fusing, glass paste and molding.
Verretuoses carries out the first three specialties: bomber, melter in paste of glass and melter by fusion (fusing):
- The bomber: from a flat glass, the bomber makes a curved glass that can go from 1 to 180 degrees. It deforms the glass by heating it on a mold without transforming the thickness or the surface.
- The glass-paste founder works the cold-cast glass paste which will then be vitrified by cooking.
- The fusing melter superimposes cold pieces of glass and then carries the whole into an oven at its melting point to form a single homogeneous piece.
- The moulder (hot former) places the molten glass in an open or closed mold at a viscosity stage that allows it to marry every detail.